Dosis Rata-Rata Harian dan Efektif Tahunan Radon Airtanah pada Daerah Gunung Masigit, Kecamatan Cipatat, Kabupaten Bandung Barat, Indonesia

Azhari Azhari, Ivhatry Rizky Octavia Putri Susilo, Bintarsih Bintarsih, Rachmat Fajar Lubis, Suhardjo Sitam

Abstract


Konsentrasi radon dapat mempengaruhi kondisi air yang biasa dikonsumsi masyarakat untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari. Hal ini berpotensi terhadap resiko kesehatan termasuk resiko kanker. Pada penelitian ini sampel didapatkan dari sumber air di berbagai kampung di daerah Gunung Masigit, Cipatat, yang biasa digunakan oleh masyarakat sekitar untuk keperluan sehari-hari. Sampel di tes menggunakan RAD 7 Electronic Radon detector. Konsentrasi radon pada sampel bervariasi di setiap sumber air. Konsentrasi radon terukur yaitu  2030± 509 Bq/m3, yang berasal dari sumber mata air kampung Cisalada dan 1140±393 Bq/m3 yang berasal dari air sumur Kampung Giri Mulya dan 705±393 Bq/m3 pada mata air daerah Kampung Pamucatan. Konsentrasi ini digunakan untuk menghitung konsentrasi rerata harian pada penduduk sekitar yang terpapar radon. Dosis rerata harian individu yang terpapar akibat konsumsi air mengandung radon  adalah 5,0 × 10-3 kg/ug/hari dan dosis efektif tahunan lebih rendah dari 0,1 mSv/tahun. Penelitian ini direkomendasikan sebagai acuan komprehensif yang dapat ditarik untuk kajian radiobiologi kesehatan dan toksisitas yang berhubungan dengan penyakit dan kualitas hidup masyarakat.

Radon concentration affects the water condition, which is consumed daily. Radon is potentially have an effect on health, including cancer risk. In this research, samples were obtained from variou water sources in villages in Gunung Masigit, Cipatat. The samples were tested using RAD 7 Electronic Radon detector. We found that radon concentrations in water vary in each water source. Radon concentration from spring in Cisalada is 2030±509 Bq/m3, from water wells in Giri Mulya is 1140±393 Bq/m3 and from spring in pamucatan is 705±393 Bq/m3. The radon concentrations are used to calculate the daily average dose in the population. The daily average dose of individuals exposed for consuming water containing radon is 5.0 × 10-3 kg/ug/day, and the annually effective dose is lower than 0.1 mSv/year. This research is recommended as a comprehensive reference for radiobiology studies of health and disease-related toxicity and the quality of life of communities.


Keywords


Groundwater, Life Average Daily Dose, Annual Effective Dose, Radon

References


Azhari, Ivhatry, R. O. P. S., Annisa, M., Irmaleny, S., dan Sitam, S., 2018. Exploring Oral Health Behavior In Residential Gunung Masigit Village with Radon Level 2030 ± 509 Bq / m 3 and 1140 + 393 Bq / m 3. Higiene 4(3), 151–158.

Azhari, Sitam, S., Darana, S., dan Titin, Y. E., 2016. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) Level in Blood of the People Living in High and Lowest Radon Exposure Area: A Study in Padalarang, West Java Indonesia. Journal of US-China Medical Science 13(3), 154–158. DOI :10.17265/ 1548-6648/2016.03.005.

Banari, B. S., 2015. The Calculation of the Annual Effective Dose Due to Exhalation of Radon Progeny in Iran‏. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences 5, 609–613.

Baskaran, M., 2016. Radon: A Human Health Hazard in the Environment. In Radon: A Tracer for Geological, Geophysical and Geochemical Studies, USA: Springer Geochemistry. DOI :10.1007/978-3-319 -21329-3 ISBN.

Course, R. T., dan Strategy, N. R., 2012. Radon in Drinking Water 29. (November).

Sam, 2012. Draft Toxicological Profile for Radon: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) 3rd ed., ATLANTA GEORGIA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

Fakhri, Y., Mahvi, A. H., Langarizadeh, G., Zandsalimi, Y., Amirhajeloo, L. R., Kargosha, M., Moradi, M., Moradi, B., dan Mirzaei, M., 2015. Effective Dose of Radon 222 Bottled Water in Different Age Groups Humans: Bandar Abbas City, Iran. Global Journal of Health Science 8(2), 64–71. DOI :10.5539/ gjhs.v8n2p64.

Field, R., Steck, D., Smith, B., Brus, C., Fisher, E., Neuberger, J., Platz, C., Robinson, R., Woolson, R., dan Lynch, C., 2000. Residentiol Radon Gas Exposure and Lung Cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 151(11), 1091–1102.

Gorchev, H. G., dan Ozolins, G., 2011. WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. WHO chronicle 38(3), 104–108. DOI :10.1016/S1462-0758(00)00006-6.

Bakti, H., Naily, W., Lubis, R. F., Delinom, R. M., dan S., 2014. Penjejak Keluaran Airtanah Lepas Pantai (Kalp) Di Pantai Utara Semarang Dan Sekitarnya Dengan 222radon. Jurnal RISET Geologi dan Pertambangan 24(1), 43–51. DOI :10. 14203/risetgeotam2014.v24.81.

IAEA, 2014. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards (GSR Part 3) 3rd ed., VIENNA: IAEA Safety Glossary. DOI :STI/PUB/1578.

IAEA, 2014. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards (GSR Part 3). In International Atomic Energy Agency. VIENNA: IAEA Safety Glossary. DOI :STI/PUB/1578.

Kurttio, P., Komulainen, H., Leino, A., Salonen, L., Auvinen, A., dan Saha, H., 2005. Bone as a possible target of chemical toxicity of natural uranium in drinking water. Environmental Health Perspectives 113(1), 68–72. DOI :10. 1289/ehp.7475.

Kurttio, P., Salonen, L., Ilus, T., Pekkanen, J., Pukkala, E., and Auvinen, A., 2006. Well water radioactivity and risk of cancers of the urinary organs. Environmental Research 102(3), 333–338. DOI :10.1016/j.envres.2005.12.010.

Mirhosseini, S. M., 2016. Environmental water chemistry and dissolved radon concentration in a thermal spring. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 25(4), 1649–1654. DOI :10.15244/pjoes/ 60421.

Monfared, A., Abediankenari, S., Mostafazadeh, A., Khosravifarsani, M., and Borzoueisileh, S., 2013. The effects of residence duration in high background radiation areas on immune surveillance. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine 4(1), 218. DOI :10.4103/0976-9668.107295.

National Research Council of The National Academies, 2006. Health Risks From Exposure To Low Levels Of Ionizing Radiation BEIR II 2nd ed., wahington DC: The National Academic Press.

Permatasari, D. F., Sitam, S., dan Rizali, E., 2017. The Acidity Level ( pH ) of Saliva of People in Living in High Radon Level Areas and Its Correlation with the Prevalence of Caries. 4(Idsm), 65–70.

Rasouli, J., dan Khosravi, S. M., 2018. The Role of Radon in Drinking Water Pollution in Bukan. MOJ Mining and Metallurgy 1(1), 1–5. DOI :10.15406/mojmm.2018. 01.00005.

Roba, C. A., Codrea, V., Moldovan, M., Baciu, C., dan Cosma, C., 2010. Radon and radium content of some cold and thermal aquifers from Bihor County (northwestern Romania). Geofluids 10(4), 571–585. DOI :10.1111/j.1468-8123.2010.00316.x.

Sekarningrum, B., 2017. The Social Economic Situation of Community Exposed to Radon Radiation in West Java Province. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research 6(1), 340–348.

Sekarningrum, B., and Sitam, dan S., 2018. Environmental Health Condition and Community Healthy Behavior in the Radon Radiation Exposure Area. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research 7(4), 253–265.

Somlai, K., Tokonami, S., Ishikawa, T., Vancsura, P., Gáspár, M., Jobbágy, V., Somlai, J., dan Kovács, T., 2007. 222Rn concentrations of water in the Balaton Highland and in the southern part of Hungary, and the assessment of the resulting dose. Radiation Measurements 42(3), 491–495. DOI :10.1016/ j.radmeas.2006.11.005.

Tong, J., Qin, L., Cao, Y., Li, J., Zhang, J., Nie, J., dan An, Y., 2012. Environmental radon exposure and childhood leukemia. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part B: Critical Reviews 15(5), 332–347. DOI :10. 1080/10937404.2012.689555.

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, 2017. UNSCEAR 2016 report.

UNSCEAR, 2000. Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation, United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation.

UNSCEAR 2000 Report to the General Assembly, with Scientific Annexes, DOI :10.1097/00004032-199907000-00007.

Wright, M., dan Pheby, D., 2004. Risk Factors for Osteosarcoma in Young People in Cornwall : A Case-Control Study. Journal of Environmental Health Research 5(2), 61–69.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/risetgeotam2019.v29.1020

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 RISET Geologi dan Pertambangan

Copyright of Journal RISET Geologi dan  Pertambangan (e-ISSN 2354-6638 p-ISSN 0125-9849). Powered by OJS

  

Indexed by:

     

         

 

Plagiarism checker: