GEOLOGI DAN PETROKIMIA ENDAPAN ZEOLIT DAERAH BAYAH DAN SUKABUMI

Iwan Setiawan, Leny M Estiaty, Dewi Fatimah, Sri Indarto, Lediyantje Lintjewas, Andri Alkausar, Aryo D Handoko, Anita Yuliyanti, Jakah Jakah

Abstract


Zeolit dijumpai pada batuan piroklastik di daerah Cikembar (Sukabumi) dan Bayah (Banten) dari zona fisiografi pegunungan Bogor dan Bayah. Karakteristik, genesa batuan, dan tipe zeolit di kedua lokasi tersebut belum dijelaskan, terutama kaitannya dengan potensi pengkayaan unsur tanah jarang (UTJ) pada batupasir tufan di daerah Cikembar dan tuf teralterasi di daerah Swakan. Metode yang digunakan pada studi ini terdiri dari pengamatan geologi lapangan, petrografi, difraksi sinar-X (XRD), dan kimia batuan (whole rock) menggunakan XRF dan ICP-MS. Tujuannya adalah untuk mengungkap genesa pembentukkan zeolit dan UTJ di Swakan dan Cikembar. Batupasir tufan dari Cikembar dan tuf dari Swakan menunjukkan kehadiran zeolit bertipe mordenit dan klinoptilolit. Zeolit di daerah Cikembar terdapat sejajar perlapisan, sedangkan di daerah Swakan berasosiasi dengan kumpulan mineral alterasi. Pengendapan zeolit Cikembar dipengaruhi oleh air meteorik yang dicirikan oleh anomali negatif Ce pada pola diagram laba-laba yang di normalisasi terhadap kondrit. Total (∑UTJ) pada batupasir tufan dari Cikembar 82– 94 ppm dan pada tuf Swakan 71–83 ppm. Perbedaan kandungan ∑UTJ tersebut lebih mencerminkan komposisi UTJ pada batuan asal.

ABSTRACT – Geology and petrochemistry of zeolite deposits of Bayah and Sukabumi areas.

Zeolites are found in pyroclastic rocks in Cikembar (Sukabumi) and Bayah (Banten) from the Bogor and Bayah mountainous physiographic zones. The characteristics, rock genesis, and types of zeolites from these two locations have not been explained, especially in relation to the potential of REEs (Rare Earth Elements) enrichment in Cikembar tuffaceous sandstone and Swakan altered tuff. The method used in this study consists of field geological observations, petrography, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and whole rock geochemistry using XRF and ICP-MS. The aim is to uncover the formation of zeolites and REEs in Swakan and Cikembar. The Cikembar tuffaceous sandstones and the Swakan tuffs show the presence of mordenite and clinoptilolite types of zeolites minerals. The zeolites in Cikembar area are parallel to the bedding plane, while in Swakan area are associated with alteration mineral assemblages. The deposition of Cikembar zeolite was influenced by meteoric water which is characterized by the negative Ce anomalies in chondrite-normalized spider diagram pattern. The total (∑REEs) concentration in Cikembar tuffaceous sandstones are 82–94 ppm and Swakan tuffs are 71–83 ppm. The difference in the ∑REE content more likely reflects the parent’s rock REEs composition.


Keywords


zeolit, Jawa Barat, klinoptilolit dan REE

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/risetgeotam2020.v30.1048

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