PENGARUH ZONA JENUH AIR TERHADAP KESTABILAN LERENG DI WENINGGALIH, KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT

Moch Hilmi Zaenal Putra, Rendi Dwi Kartiko, Prihadi Soemantidiredja, Imam Achmad Sadisun, Adrin Tohari

Abstract


Kejadian longsor dangkal di Desa Weninggalih mengakibatkan kerugian setiap tahunnya. Hal tersebut diakibatkan oleh salah satu budaya warga setempat yaitu membuat kolam ikan tanpa dilapisi lapisan kedap air sehingga diduga menjadi salah satu faktor penyebab menurunnya kestabilan lereng. Sebagai upaya untuk mengurangi risiko kerugian tersebut dibutuhkan pemahaman yang baik mengenai karakteristik longsor dan pengaruh keberadaan kolam ikan terhadap kondisi kestabilan lereng. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kestabilan lereng dan pengaruh keberadaan kolam ikan untuk studi kasus di daerah Weninggalih. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi pemetaan geologi, pemetaan topografi detail, pengukuran electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), pengambilan sampel tanah, pengujian geoteknik, dan analisis kestabilan lereng. Metode kesetimbangan batas dengan perhitungan Morgenstern-Price digunakan untuk analisis kestabilan lereng. Daerah studi terdiri dari produk vulkanik berupa tanah residual dan tuf tebal yang bersifat lepas dan kuat geser dalam yang rendah. Hasil analisis ERT menunjukkan adanya perluasan zona jenuh air yang diakibatkan oleh keberadaan kolam ikan. Analisis kestabilan lereng menunjukkan bahwa kemunculan zona jenuh air yang meluas menyebabkan menurunnya nilai faktor keamanan lereng secara signifikan.

 

ABSTRACT – The effect of water saturated zone on slope stability in Weninggalih, Bandung BaratRegency.

Shallow landslides inWeninggalih Village resulted in many losses every year. One of the contributing factors is the customs of building a fishpond in the sloping ground without an impermeable liner. Consequently, the seepages from the pond cause the decrease in slope stability. To reduce the risk of loss, a better understanding of the landslide’s characteristics and the effect of the fishpond on the stability of the slope is required. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of slope stability and the influence of the fishponds to slope stability in the Weninggalih area. Methods used in this study include geological mapping, detailed topographic mapping, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), soil sampling, geotechnical laboratory testing, and slope stability analysis. The limit equilibrium method with the Morgenstern- Price formula was used for slope stability analysis. The study area is composed of volcanic products consisting residual soil and thick tuff that are loose and having low shear strength. Results of ERT analysis showed the extension of the water saturated zone caused by the presence of fishponds. Analysis of the slope stability shows that the expanding water saturated zone causes a significant decrease in the slope safety factor.


Keywords


slope stability, limit equilibrium method, landslides, ERT.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/risetgeotam2020.v30.1086

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