PALEONTOLOGY OF ACROPORA CORALS AND STANDARD FACIES BELT FROM UJUNGGENTENG AREA, WEST JAVA

Wahyu Dwijo Santoso, Yahdi Zaim, Yan Rizal

Abstract


The detail taxonomy analysis was performed to classify Acropora corals in Ujunggenteng Area. The research area was selected because the continuously exposed Quaternary coralline limestones, indicated the high variation and wide distribution of coral fossils. Moreover, the facies changes and contacts with shoreface sediments were clearly observed in this area. Detail taxonomy based on morphological description can classify Acropora corals in Ujunggenteng area into four species: Acropora cervicornis, Acropora palifera, Acropora gemmifera, and Acropora humilis. The study of coral paleontology and the application of the presence of corals as a standard facies belt were still rarely performed in Indonesia. Previous studies classified the coralline limestone into one standard facies belt, which was the organic build- up standard facies belt. Another approach was required to capture many conditions of coral fossil occurrences; not only in build-up condition but also in transported condition. Therefore, another purpose of this study is to modify the standard facies belt with a different approach using coral taphonomy and sediment association.

Analisis taksonomi secara detil dilakukan untuk mengklasifikasikan koral Acropora di daerah Ujunggenteng. Daerah penelitian dipilih karena tersingkapnya batugamping terumbu berumur Kuarter yang menerus, yang menunjukkan tingginya jumlah spesies dan distribusi fosil koral yang luas. Selain itu, perubahan fasies dan kontak dengan batupasir pantai dapat jelas diamati pada daerah ini. Taksonomi detil berdasarkan deskripsi morfologi dapat mengelompokkan koral Acropora di daerah Ujunggenteng menjadi empat spesies: Acropora cervicornis, Acropora palifera, Acropora gemmifera, dan Acropora humilis. Selain itu, studi mengenai paleontologi dan penggunaan kehadiran koral sebagai dasar pembagian sabuk standar fasies batugamping masih jarang dilakukan di Indonesia. Studi sebelumnya mengelompokkan batugamping terumbu menjadi satu sabuk standar fasies, yaitu organic build up. Pendekatan yang lain diperlukan untuk menjelaskan kondisi koral lainnya pada batugamping, tidak hanya dalam kondisi tumbuh, tetapi juga dalam kondisi tertransportasi. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memodifikasi sabuk standar fasies dengan pendekatan berbeda menggunakan tafonomi koral dan asosiasi sedimen.

 


Keywords


Acropora, taxonomy, taphonomy, standard facies belt

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/risetgeotam2018.v28.799

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